What Are The Five Pillars of Islam and What Do They Mean?

Friends, we all are Muslims but we do not know what are the five pillars of Islam. On which the foundation of Islam rests.

the five pillars of islam in english

You should know that the 🏛 Five Pillars of Islam (arkan al-Islām) are the fundamental duties of every Muslim in Islam, which are obligatory for all Muslims.

▶️ Also, Read this: – 99 Names of Allah in English with Meaning

The Five Pillars of Islam

So in today’s article, we will read these five pillars of Islam in full detail and know at what time these pillars become obligatory for Muslims.

If you want you can also follow the way of Huzoor Akram Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam which was a prudent and thoughtful life.

So you have to follow these 5 Pillars of Islam.

First Pillar: Shahada Or Kalma (Declaration of Faith)

first  pillar of islam is kalma english and arabic

The first pillar of Islam is the Shahada, the declaration of faith.

That is, the first pillar of Islam is the First Kalma.

In which it is told that Allah is one and Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is the Messenger and Prophet of Allah.

So if someone is a follower of Islam, then first of all he has to accept Kalma Tauheed from his heart.

Which is like this:- “La ilaha ʾila-llahu muḥammadur rasulu-llāh (لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا الله مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ الله)”

There is no god but Allah (and) Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) is the Messenger of God.”

When someone wants to become a Muslim by accepting Deen Islam, then first of all he has to recite the first pillar of Islam i.e. Kalma Tauheed by heart.

Because in Kalma Tauheed the oneness of Allah has been told and every Muslim should believe that there is no god except one Allah.

And Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) is the Messenger and Prophet sent by Allah.

So every Muslim should have Kalma Tauheed on his tongue from his birth till his death.

▶️ Also, Read this: – Dua after Azan Roman English

Second Pillar: Salah or Namaz (Prayer)

boy offering namaz secon pillar of islam is namaz

The second pillar of Islam is prayer. It is Fard for every Muslim (who is 10 years or above) to pray five times a day.

The muezzin, for the prayer, recites the Azan loudly from a high place and announces the coming of the servants of Allah to the mosque.

It is necessary for a Muslim to be neat and clean in order to offer Namaz and being neat and clean is considered half of faith.

Prayers are offered in the congregation five times a day, at strictly fixed times, behind the Imam, facing Mecca.

If you are not able to offer namaz with the Jamaat, you can offer it alone.

Prayers are performed at dawn, noon, before dusk, in the evening, and at night:

The names of prayers at different times are different: – Fajr (dawn), Zuhr (afternoon), ‘Asr (before dusk) ), Maghrib (evening), and ‘Isha’ (night).

Fajr prayer is performed before sunrise, Zuhr prayer is performed after the sun passes its highest point in the afternoon,

Asar prayer is performed before sunset, Maghrib is the evening prayer after sunset and Isha is the night prayer.

Women are ordered to offer Namaz in the houses. If someone cannot read Namaz standing, he should read it sitting, if he cannot read it sitting, he should read it while lying down.

Prayer is not required for women during menstruation, children before puberty, and people with intellectual disabilities.

Those who are ill and unable to assume a prayer position are still required to pray, although they may pray in bed or lying down.

Third Pillar: Zakat (Giving Charity)

coins scattered from bottle third pillar is zakat

The third pillar of Islam is zakat or charity.

In Islam, if you don’t pay zakat on your wealth, it is said that if you don’t pay zakat on your wealth, it is said to be more of a crime.

Zakat itself means purification which indicates that the payment makes the rest of one’s wealth legally and religiously pure.

You should talk to some Ulama and ask them about Zakat.

It is usually around 2.5% of an individual’s wealth. This practice is not found in the Quran but in the Hadith.

This zakat is used to take good care of the holy places and mosques in the individual’s particular Muslim community or to give aid to those in need or who are poor.

The term Zakat can be defined as purification and growth as it allows a person to achieve balance and encourages new growth.

To pay Zakat, you must have Sahib-e-Nisab. So that you can give Zakat.

There are five principles to be followed while giving Zakat:

  1. The donor must declare to Allah his intention to give Zakat.
  2. Zakat should be paid on the same day it becomes due.
  3. After the offering, the donor should not exaggerate in spending his money beyond normal means.
  4. Payment should be in kind. It means that if someone is rich then he has to give a part of his income. If a person does not have much wealth, he should compensate for it in various ways, such as good deeds and good behavior towards others.
  5. Zakat should be distributed to the community from which it was taken.

Fourth Pillar: Sawam or Roza (Fasting)

family sitting with food table fourth pillar is roza fast

Sawm or fasting is the fourth pillar of Islam. It is obligatory for every adult person to fast in the month of Ramadaan.

The fasting takes place during the month of Ramadan, which is the holy month in the Islamic calendar.

Directly in the Qur’an, it is said:

“Eat and drink until the whiteness of the day separates the blackness of the night at dawn, then complete the fast …”

Fasting occurs from dawn to sunset each day, during which believers are expected to restrict themselves from any food, drink, sexual intercourse, or smoking.

However, after sunset and before dawn, individuals may participate in any of the previously mentioned activities as per their wish.

The reason for fasting during Ramadan is to remind Muslims that all persons are equally needy of Allah’s help and there are less fortunate individuals who need His help.

The purpose of this fast is to allow Muslims to get closer and seek forgiveness from God, to express their gratitude and dependence on Him, to atone for their past sins, and to remind them of those in need.

Furthermore, all obscene and irreligious scenes and sounds should be avoided.

Fifth Pillar: Hajj (Pilgrimage)

men and women doing tawaf of kaba fifth pillar islam is hajj

The last pillar of Islam is the Hajj or pilgrimage.

During one’s life, a Muslim is required to make the pilgrimage to Mecca during the 12th month of the lunar calendar.

This ritual involves traveling to Mecca wearing only 2 white sheets, so all pilgrims are the same and there is no class distinction.

Performing Hajj is also obligatory for every person if he is wealthy enough to have the money to perform Hajj.

During the Hajj, every Muslim wears the same plain clothes to emphasize their uniformity.

Women wear a less complicated type of dress than their simple dress.

Pilgrims put on a white sheet when they enter Mecca’s sanctuary area and enter the state of “Ihram,” or purity.

After a Muslim has traveled to Mecca, he is known as a Haji (one who has traveled to Mecca).

The main rituals of Hajj include going around the Kaaba seven times called tawaf, touching the black stone called Istilam,

traveling seven times between Mount Safa and Mount Marwah called Sa’i, and stoning the devil in Mina is included.

The Qur’an specifically states that only those able to undertake the pilgrimage are required to do so.

The reason for this journey is to follow in the footsteps of the Prophet Muhammad, in the hope that Muhammad attained enlightenment in the presence of Allah. The pilgrimage of Hajj is in the Qur’an.

Pilgrim or Haji is respected in the Muslim community. Islamic teachers say that the hajj should be an expression of devotion to God, not a means to gain social prestige.

Final Words

So, we all read all Five Pillars of Islam in English with Details.

We should follow these five pillars if we want to obey Allah’s Order and want to follow Nabi Akram Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.

If we do any mistake in writing, you can tell us in the comments.

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